Let us find all about scars removal treatment
What are Scars?
Whenever your skin is injured – whether by accident or from surgery – your body works to repair the wound. As your skin heals, a scar may form, this is a natural part of body’s healing process.
Types of Scars
Keloid scars: If you have a scar from an injury, it’s most likely a keloid Scar. Firm and either pink or dark red, Keloid scars also extend beyond the area of the initial injury. Unlike most of the common scars Keloid ones don’t usually fade away with age.
Hypertrophic scars: If your scar looks like a keloid scar but doesn’t go beyond the affected area, it’s most likely a hypertrophic scar. Raised and often red, hypertrophic scars are commonly mistaken for keloid scars but are easier to treat, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Contracture scars: If you suffer a severe burnand it leaves a scar, you have a contracture scar. Contracture scars are often deep and can tighten the skin, sometimes restricting movement.
Acne scars: If you’ve experienced severe acne, your skin may be left with acne scarring. These are permanent textural changes and indentations left on the skin as a result of a serious acne breakout. Sunken/depressed acne scars tend to become more noticeable as skin ages or loses its firmness
As mentioned before, you cannot make a scar disappear completely but you can diminish it. Choosing the best treatment for a scar depends on understanding the type of scar you have.
Scar Removal Treatment Options
Surgical procedure: Surgically removing a scar is the most invasive type of treatment. Your doctor may recommend a surgeon to evaluate your scar and perform a procedure to make it less visible. For instance, a surgeon can reduce the size of a wide scar or take skin from another part of your body to place it over the scarred area.
Laser scar removal: For surgical scars in particular laser scar removalis an effective, noninvasive option for scar treatment. Doctors use intense light to reduce the size, color, and shape of a scar. Different kinds of laser removal are more effective in treating one type of scar over another.
Cryotherapy: It’s a relatively recent development that uses a double lumen needle, placed through the core of a keloid or hypertrophic scar, to deliver nitrogen vapor, which freezes the scar from its core, outwards.
Injections: For scars that rise above your skin, steroid injections can shrink the size of the scar and make it even with the surface of your skin. Other types of injections include dermal fillers or collagen, which fill in the area around a deep scar.
Post- Surgery Therapeutic Methods
Often simple surgery/ other treatments may not help those predisposed to keloid formation. Some individuals tend to have high recurrence rate after surgery. This is because the surgery scar may develop an even larger keloid. Don’t worry if you combine the surgery with these therapeutic methods, the chances of keloid scars to develop again reduces drastically
- Corticosteroid Injections: If a hypertrophic or keloid develops after surgery, doctors recommend getting steroid injections every four to six weeks, limiting the total number of injections to five. The procedure takes about 15 minutes, and often no anesthesia is required.
- Pressure garments/therapy: To be worn for 23h a day around low range for treating persistent Hypertrophic burn scars/Keloids
- Radiotherapy: Radiations are used for recurrent keloids, or for patients with a high-risk of recurrence, in wider spread, and unfavorable locations. The most effective technique is to start Radiation on the same day after surgical removal of the keloid.